Nnimmo Bassey is a Nigerian environmental justice activist, architect, essayist and poet. He is the director of the ecological think-tank, Health of Mother Earth Foundation (HOMEF) and coordinator of Oilwatch International. He was the chair of Friends of the Earth International (the largest grassroots environmental organisation in the world) from 2008-2012 as well as the co-founder and executive director of Environmental Rights Action (1993-2013) which is based in Nigeria (in Benin city, Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt and Yenagoa).
He was a co-recipient of the 2010 Right Livelihood Award also known as the 'Alternative Nobel Prize.' In 2012 he received the Rafto Human Rights Award. In 2014 he was awarded Nigeria's national honour as a Member of the Federal Republic (MFR) in recognition of his environmental activism.