A Short History of the World in 50 Places, Jacob F.Field
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Книги
Jacob F.Field

A Short History of the World in 50 Places

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The Kingdom of Aksum, which originated in modern-day Ethiopia, was one of Africa’s greatest medieval powers.
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Muneera Al Hendiцитирует24 дня назад
This Turkish War of Independence resulted in the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire and the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.
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Muneera Al Hendiцитирует24 дня назад
ts non-Turkish territories independence. Allied troops remained in Istanbul and the Straits were placed under the authority of an international commission that the Ottoman Empire could only join if and when it was admitted to the League of Nations. In response to the terms, the army officer Mustafa Kemal (1881–1938) led an armed nationalist uprising that rejected Sèvres.
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In 1920, the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which gave its non-Turkish territories independence.
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On 1 August 1914, a few days after the outbreak of World War I, the two ships were requisitioned by the British government.
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The next day, Germany and the Ottomans signed an alliance, where the Germans would offer military support in return for being allowed movement through Ottoman territory.
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The Ottomans were a Muslim Turkish people, named after the founder of their dynasty, Osman I (d. 1323/4), who had ruled a small kingdom in Anatolia.
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It became the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which was a continuation of Rome’s eastern provinces (at its peak in the early sixth century it also ruled much of Italy, North Africa and southern Spain).
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As the centre of power in the Roman Empire shifted east and its territories in the west were conquered by invading tribes, Constantinople grew to outrank Rome itself in size, wealth and significance.
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Separating Europe and Asia, and the Mediterranean and Black Sea, are two narrow straits, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, which are connected by the Sea of Marmara.
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During the later fourth and fifth century, the Roman Empire came under attack from Germanic and Hunnish tribes. Rome became a backwater overshadowed by other cities in Italy, such as Ravenna and Milan. Rome was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths, and in 455 by the Vandals. In 476, the Germanic ruler Odoacer (433–93) sacked Rome and established himself as King of Italy. Although the Roman Empire continued in the east as Byzantium, this was the end of the Western Roman Empire.
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it was the largest church in the world.
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It was paved with marble, porphyry and coloured granite that was quarried from as far afield as Egypt and Anatolia.
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The floor was slightly convex so it would drain more quickly if any rain fell through the oculus.
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The frame was then removed after the concrete dried.
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The dome was cast in one piece by filling a wooden frame with concrete to create a perfect hemispheric form.
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Its main feature was its dome, the largest in the ancient world.
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Hadrian began work on the Pantheon around 118, and it was dedicated between 126 and 128.
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as completed between 27 and 25 BC. It was filled with statues of deities such as Mars, Venus and Divus Julius (the deified Julius Caesar). Augustus refused to allow an image of himself to be included within the main sanctuary, although a statue of him was installed in the porch.
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Finally, Agrippa built a rectangular temple dedicated to all gods, called the Pantheon, which was completed between 27 and 25 BC.
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